Categorised | Commentary, Current Issues

BN’s slim state victories

PAKATAN RAKYAT (PR) won only three states in the recently-concluded general election known as GE13, compared to the five it won in the 2008 elections. The Barisan Nasional (BN) secured more states this time around, winning back Kedah and Perak from the PR. In spite of this, Refsa’s analysis demonstrates that for the most part, the BN won these states by minority votes and slim margins.



[1] Based on calculations by our reader James Chong, available at:

[2] Disturbing questions surrounding GE13 polling, Malaysiakini, 7 May 2013.

[3] Based on figures under “RAWDATA” in James Chong’s calculations, available at:

[4] Based on the election results available at the SPR website.

The Nut Graph

The above infographic can be sourced directly from Refsa’s site. Refsa is an independent, not-for-profit research institute providing relevant and reliable information on social, economic and political issues affecting Malaysians. It needs public support.

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